binocular vision and retractable nails on its legs, jaguars are used to The gestation period lasts 93–105 days; females give birth to up to four cubs, and most commonly to two. Las mandíbulas del jaguar son las másfuertes de todos los felinos, sólo superado entre los carnívoros por la hiena.  Human attitudes in the areas surrounding reserves and laws and regulations to prevent poaching are essential to make conservation areas effective. It is the largest cat native to the Americas and the third largest in the world, exceeded in size by the tiger and the lion. , Like the other big cats except the snow leopard, the jaguar is capable of roaring and does so to warn territorial and mating competitors away; intensive bouts of counter-calling between individuals have been observed in the wild.  Melanism in the jaguar is caused by deletions in the melanocortin 1 receptor gene and inherited through a dominant allele. Jaguars in the Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve on the Pacific coast of central Mexico weighed around 50 kg (110 lb), about the size of a female cougar. Researchers typically focus on particular bioregions, thus species-wide analysis is scant. Results of jaguar mitochondrial DNA analysis indicate that the species' lineage evolved between 280,000 and 510,000 years ago.  Though carnivorous, there is evidence that wild jaguars consume the roots of Banisteriopsis caapi. El pelaje del jaguar es similar al guepardo por las tonalidades amarillas rojizas y con manchas negras. , The word 'panther' derives from classical Latin panthēra, itself from the ancient Greek pánthēr (πάνθηρ). Human translations with examples: 3 the ccd, penis feature, jaguar float (1), feature of thumb.  The jaguar has also been termed a keystone species, as it is assumed that it controls the population levels of prey such as herbivorous and granivorous mammals, and thus maintains the structural integrity of forest systems. The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a large felid species and the only extant member of the genus Panthera native to the Americas. beings the Jaguars try to avoid us and hide, the fact that people continue  In the June of 2018, a Jaguar was poached in Arizona. The word 'jaguar' is derived from 'iaguara', a word in one of the indigenous languages of Brazil for a wild spotted cat that is larger than a wolf. leo). In 1991, 600–1,000 (the highest total) were estimated to be living in Belize.  The jaguar uses scrape marks, urine, and feces to mark its territory.  Generation length of the jaguar is 9.8 years. The jaguar attacks from cover and usually from a target's blind spot with a quick pounce; the species' ambushing abilities are considered nearly peerless in the animal kingdom by both indigenous people and field researchers, and are probably a product of its role as an apex predator in several different environments. El jaguar es el felino más fuerte que existe, proporcionalmente es más fuerte que el mismo tigre. 1.6 Reproducción del jaguar; 1.7 Curiosidades sobre el jaguar; Ficha de Panthera onca ¿Cómo es el jaguar? De altura el jaguar mide aproximadamente unos 60 cm. , Jaguars are occasionally sighted in Arizona and New Mexico.  In August 2012, the USFWS proposed setting aside 3,392.20 km2 (838,232 acres) in Arizona and New Mexico for the protection of the jaguar.  The jaguar's elusive nature and the inaccessibility of much of its preferred habitat make it a difficult animal to sight, let alone study. , The jaguar also has an effect on other predators. 1.2 Adaptaciones del jaguar; 1.3 Costumbres del jaguar; 1.4 Alimentación del jaguar; 1.5 ¿Dónde vive el jaguar? , To estimate population sizes within specific areas and to keep track of individual jaguars, camera trapping and wildlife tracking telemetry are widely used, and feces may be sought out with the help of detector dogs to study jaguar health and diet. Ejemplar de jaguar. Imagen de Ian Lindsay en Pixabay Características del jaguar. During this period, the biggest exporters were Brazil and Paraguay, and the biggest importers were the US and Germany. Características del Jaguar, Panthera onca, animal mamífero pertenecientes a la familia felidae, subfamilia Pantherinae, destaca su belleza y su fuerte mordedura en la captura de sus presas.  Detailed work performed under the auspices of the Wildlife Conservation Society revealed the species has lost 37% of its historic range, with its status unknown in an additional 18% of the global range. The Jaguar It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List; and its numbers are declining. 8–16. 62–75 (table 5). Hábitos, costumbres y taxonomía. , The jaguar prefers dense forest and typically inhabits dry deciduous forests, tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, rainforests and cloud forests in Central and South America; open, seasonally flooded wetlands, dry grassland and historically also oak forests in the United States. While international trade in jaguars or their body parts is prohibited, the cat is still frequently killed, particularly in conflicts with ranchers and farmers in South America. , In 1919, the jaguar was said to have occurred in the Monterey, California region. The skins of wild cats and other mammals have been highly valued by the fur trade for many decades. The length, from the nose to the base of the tail, varies from 1.12 to 1.85 m (3 ft 8 in to 6 ft 1 in). Características del jaguar.  By 2005, nine subspecies were considered to be valid taxa. 6 características de Jaguar que debes conocer 1 Dieta Se sabe que los jaguares les encantan comer venados, cocodrilos, serpientes, monos, perezosos, tapires, huevos, ranas, tortugas, peces y cualquier otra cosa que consigan atrapar.  Therefore, in Mexico and Central America, where cougars are usually equal to or slightly larger than the jaguar in size, neither would be considered to dominant over the other. It is an opportunistic hunter, and its diet encompasses at least 87 species. On average After killing prey, the jaguar will drag the carcass to a thicket or other secluded spot.  The jaguar also appears in banknotes of the Brazilian real. Su mandíbula e…  Camera trap studies have shown that jaguars primarily have a crepuscular–nocturnal activity pattern in all the biomes that they are found in; however jaguars have been recorded to have considerable diurnal activity in thickly forested regions of the Amazon Rainforest and the Pantanal, as well as purely nocturnal activity in other regions such as the Atlantic forest. Onca is derived from the Lusitanian name 'onça' for a spotted cat in Brazil that is larger than a lynx.   Some jaguars also prey on livestock such as horses, cattle, and llamas.  This may be an adaptation to "cracking open" turtle shells; armored reptiles may have formed an abundant prey base for the jaguar following the late Pleistocene extinctions. , Its immediate ancestor was Panthera onca augusta, which was larger than the contemporary jaguar. Tamaño. The heart and lungs are consumed, followed by the shoulders. , The young are born blind, gaining sight after two weeks. ... los jaguares tienen unas características físicas que los distinguen de sus primos del género Panthera. de largo. Thus, the keystone predator hypothesis is not accepted by all scientists.  When it occurs, conflict is typically over territory: a male's range may encompass that of two or three females, and he will not tolerate intrusions by other adult males.. Jaguar fossils were discovered in Whitman County, Washington, Fossil Lake (Oregon), Niobrara, Nebraska, Franklin County, Tennessee, Edwards County, Texas, and in eastern Florida.   A 100 kg (220 lb) jaguar can bite with a force of 4.939 kilonewtons (1,110 pounds-force) with the canine teeth and 6.922 kN (1,556 lbf) at the carnassial notch.  The fur is covered with rosettes for camouflage in the dappled light of its forest habitat.  In the Arizona mountains, a jaguar killed and fed on an American black bear (Ursus americanus).  Their roar often resembles a repetitive cough, and they may also vocalize mews and grunts. El cuello es corto, pero musculoso, el tronco también es musculoso, las extremidades son fuertes y terminan las anteriores en manos de cinco dedos y las posteriores en pies de cuatro dedos, todos con fuertes garras, la cola es gruesa y cilíndrica y puede considerarse en relación con la longitud del cuerpo. Es un carnívoros perteneciente al género Panthera y es la única variedad de este género que se puede conseguir en América.  It is sexually dimorphic with females typically 10–20% smaller than males. Female territories, which range from 25 to 40 km2 in size, may overlap, but the animals generally avoid one another. eating birds, fish, deer, primates, peccaries and snakes, their beautiful It is now locally extinct in El Salvador and Uruguay. In 1999, its historic range at the turn of the 20th century was estimated at 19,000,000 km2 (7,300,000 sq mi) stretching from the southern United States through Central America to southern Argentina.  Experts have cited them as the least likely of all big cats to kill and eat humans, and the majority of attacks come when it has been cornered or wounded.  From the beginning of the 20th-century Jaguars were hunted in large numbers, but over-harvest and habitat destruction reduced the availability and induced hunters and traders to gradually shift to smaller species by the 1960s. , Jaguar conservation is complicated because of the species' large range spanning 18 countries with different policies and regulations. , In Mesoamerica, the Olmec—an early and influential culture of the Gulf Coast of Mexico roughly contemporaneous with the Chavín—developed a distinct "Olmec were-jaguar" motif of sculptures and figurines showing stylised jaguars or humans with jaguar characteristics. This spotted cat closely resembles the leopard, but is usually larger and sturdier. Though there are single cats now living within Arizona, the species has largely been extirpated from the United States since the early 20th century. Conservation organizations may thus focus on providing viable, connected habitat for the jaguar, with the knowledge other species will also benefit. Although reduced, its range remains large. , In South America, however, where the jaguar are larger than the cougar, the jaguar tends to take larger prey, usually over 22 kg (49 lb) and the cougar smaller prey, usually between 2 and 22 kg (4 and 49 lb), which reduces the cougar's average size. El jaguar es pariente del leopardo, pueden llegar a medir hasta 1,85 m de largo, sin incluir la cola que mide alrededor de 70 a 90 cm. Where present, it also preys on Odocoileus deer, spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus), South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris), crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), tapeti (Sylvilagus brasiliensis) and agouti species. , Reginald Innes Pocock placed the jaguar in the genus Panthera and observed that it shares several morphological features with the leopard (P. pardus). It has been reported that an individual jaguar can drag an 360 kg (800 lb) bull 8 m (25 ft) in its jaws and pulverize the heaviest bones. As a keystone species, it plays an important role in stabilizing ecosystems, and regulating prey populations.  Results of DNA-based studies are conclusive, and the position of the jaguar relative to the other species varies depending on methods and sample sizes used.  In the spirit of the ancient Mayan culture, the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City adopted a red jaguar as the first official Olympic mascot. It ranges across a variety of forested and open terrains, but its preferred habitat is tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest, swamps, and wooded regions. 1 Ficha de Panthera onca. Siendo uno de los felinos mas importantes del mundo, hoy vamos hablar de 10 características del jaguar impresionantes, Comenzamos! , The activity patterns of the jaguar have been found to coincide with the activity of their main prey species in their biomes. Depending on the availability of prey, the cougar and jaguar may even share it.  The flag of the Department of Amazonas features a black jaguar silhouette pouncing towards a hunter. strong, intelligent and skillful animals since they can hunt large prey such The spots on the head and neck are generally solid, as are those on the tail, where they may merge to form a band. The jaguar is also a common fixture in the mythology of several native cultures in South America. The mother will not tolerate the presence of males after the birth of cubs, given a risk of infanticide; this behavior is also found in the tiger.  A subsequent, more detailed study confirmed the predicted population structure within jaguar populations in Colombia. Una de las características del Jaguar F-Type es que, al igual que en el resto de modelos de la marca, es un vehículo de propulsión en aquellas versiones que no disponen de cuatro ruedas motrices. Se distingue por su cabeza voluminosa con un hocico poco prominente, ojos grandes de mirada incisiva y orejas cortas, anchas y de márgenes redondeados. The species is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. Para ello presentó durante el Salón de Detroit del 2015 su modelo Jaguar F-Pace, un vehículo de 4,73 metros destinado a dar batalla a modelos como el BMW X5 o el Audi Q5. In northern Mexico, the jaguar and cougar were found to almost always live in the same areas with neither species having areas where it was the only one of the two living.  However, field work has shown this may be natural variability and the population increases may not be sustained. Though there are single cats now living within Arizona, the species has largely been extirpated from the United States since the early 20th century. He therefore concluded that they are most closely related to each other. mating season, their gestation lasts between 90 and 110 days. to think that they are fierce and wild animals has caused them to be in Male ranges cover roughly twice as much area, varying in size with the availability of game and space, and do not overlap.  In the wild, consumption is naturally more erratic; wild cats expend considerable energy in the capture and kill of prey, and they may consume up to 25 kg (55 lb) of meat at one feeding, followed by periods of famine. The cat will walk slowly down forest paths, listening for and stalking prey before rushing or ambushing. In the later Maya civilization, the jaguar was believed to facilitate communication between the living and the dead and to protect the royal household. The ventral areas are white. In Aztec mythology, the jaguar was considered to be the totem animal of the powerful deity Tezcatlipoca. , Further variations in size have been observed across regions and habitats, with size tending to increase from north to south. El jaguar, yaguar o yaguareté [N 1] (Panthera onca) es un carnívoro félido de la subfamilia de los Panterinos y género Panthera.Es la única de las cinco especies actuales de este género que se encuentra en América.También es el mayor félido de América y el tercero del mundo, después del tigre (Panthera tigris) y el león (Panthera leo). The jaguar stands 63 to 76 cm (25 to 30 in) tall at the shoulders. Each unit was assessed and evaluated on the basis of size, connectivity, habitat quality for both jaguar and prey, and jaguar population status. Typical lifespan in the wild is estimated at around 12–15 years; in captivity, the jaguar lives up to 23 years, placing it among the longest-lived cats. , The jaguar is a stalk-and-ambush rather than a chase predator. Threats include loss and fragmentation of habitat.  However, such behavior appears to be more frequent where humans enter jaguar habitat, and decrease prey. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Baker, Natural History and Behavior, pp. , In Mexico's Sierra Madre Occidental, the first black jaguar was recorded in 2004. The jaguar is listed on CITES Appendix I, which means that all international trade in jaguars or their body parts is prohibited.  This situation may be advantageous to the cougar. , Like all cats, the jaguar is an obligate carnivore, feeding only on meat. It has been recorded at elevations up to 3,800 m (12,500 ft), but avoids montane forests. The loss of parts of its range, including its virtual elimination from its historic northern areas and the increasing fragmentation of the remaining range, have contributed to this status. Nevertheless, even in those times, the jaguar's chief prey was the capybara in South America, and the peccary further north. In the Andes, a jaguar cult disseminated by the early Chavín culture became accepted over most of today's Peru by 900 BC. Baker, Protection and Population Status, p. 4. tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest, tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, "Notice of a new species of jaguar from Mazatlan, living in the gardens of the Zoological Society", "Phylogeography, population history and conservation genetics of jaguars (, 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1997)16:2<107::AID-ZOO2>3.0.CO;2-E, "DNA microsatellite characterization of the jaguar (, "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment", "Molecular evolution of mitochondrial 12S RNA and cytochrome b sequences in the pantherine lineage of Felidae", "Phylogenetic reconstruction of the Felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes", "Retrospective Study of Morbidity and Mortality of Captive Jaguars (, "Food habits of jaguars and pumas in Jalisco, Mexico", "Bite club: comparative bite force in big biting mammals and the prediction of predatory behavior in fossil taxa", "Canine morphology in the larger Felidae: implications for feeding ecology", "First documentation of melanism in the jaguar (, "Natural Selection of Melanism in Costa Rican Jaguar and Oncilla: A Test of Gloger's Rule and the Temporal Segregation Hypothesis", "Is the Jaguar entitled to a place in the Californian fauna? As with large African cats, a key concern in jaguar ecotourism is the considerable habitat space the species requires, so if ecotourism is used to aid in jaguar conservation, some considerations need to be made as to how existing ecosystems will be kept intact, or how new ecosystems that are large enough to support a growing jaguar population will be put into place.  They will continue in their mother's company for one to two years before leaving to establish a territory for themselves. Hunting jaguars is prohibited in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, the United States, and Venezuela. Charles Darwin reported a saying of Indigenous peoples of the Americas that people would not have to fear the jaguar, as long as capybaras were abundant. The description of P. o. palustris was based on a fossil skull. they live with their mother until they are two years old, later they Cubs  Work employing GPS telemetry in 2003 and 2004 found densities of only six to seven jaguars per 100 km2 in the critical Pantanal region, compared with 10 to 11 using traditional methods; this suggests the widely used sampling methods may inflate the actual numbers of cats. Black jaguars were also recorded in Costa Rica's Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve and in the mountains of the Cordillera de Talamanca.  For captive animals in the 50–60 kg (110–130 lb) range, more than 2 kg (4 lb) of meat daily are recommended.  Particularly significant declines occurred in the 1960s, when more than 15,000 jaguars were killed for their skins in the Brazilian Amazon yearly; the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of 1973 brought about a sharp decline in the pelt trade.  When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Americas, they feared jaguars. That way, 51 Jaguar Conservation Units were determined in 36 geographic regions as priority areas for jaguar conservation including:, Recent studies underlined that to maintain the robust exchange across the jaguar gene pool necessary for maintaining the species, it is important that jaguar habitats are interconnected.  Results of morphologic and genetic research indicate a clinal north–south variation between populations, but no evidence for subspecific differentiation. Cubs are weaned at three months, but remain in the birth den for six months before leaving to accompany their mother on hunts.  Legs are also short, but thick and powerful, considerably shorter when compared to a small tiger or lion in a similar weight range.  Trophy hunting is still permitted in Bolivia, and it is not protected in Ecuador or Guyana. El rango de domicilio del Jaguar macho es de 18 a 55 millas cuadradas y, frecuentemente, se sobrepone con el rango de domicilio más pequeño de diversas hembras. is the largest Feline that lives in America, it has a very good night  Umbrella species serve as "mobile links" at the landscape scale, in the jaguar's case through predation. In the 19th and 20th centuries, several jaguar type specimens formed the basis for descriptions of subspecies. The Aztecs formed an elite warrior class known as the Jaguar warrior. The jaguar enjoys swimming, and is largely a solitary, opportunistic, stalk-and-ambush predator at the top of the food chain.  Females range more widely than usual during courtship. The cat probably mates throughout the year in the wild, with births increasing when prey is plentiful. The jaguar's present range extends from the southwestern United States and Mexico in North America, across much of Central America, and south to Paraguay and northern Argentina in South America. Características del jaguar. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List; a…  Remains of jaguar bones were discovered in a burial site in Guatemala which indicates that Mayans kept jaguars as pets. Los jaguares son los mayores felinos del continente americano. The tail is the shortest of any big cat, at 45 to 75 cm (18 to 30 in) in length.    It bites into the throat of South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris) and other large prey until the victim suffocates. , Albino jaguars, sometimes called white panthers, are extremely rare. The jaguar may hunt during the day if game is available and is a relatively energetic feline, spending as much as 50–60 percent of its time active. as deer and tapirs. , Its size and weight vary considerably: weights are normally in the range of 56–96 kg (123–212 lb). Es un mamífero grande, musculoso y robusto. The rosettes on a jaguar's coat are larger, darker, fewer in number and have thicker lines with a small spot in the middle. When adapted to the prey, the jaguar has been shown to take cattle as a large portion of its diet; while land clearance for grazing is a problem for the species, the jaguar population may have increased when cattle were first introduced to South America, as the animals took advantage of the new prey base. El color de su pelaje y marcas son muy similares al … Características del Jaguar Al jaguar igualmente se le conoce como Yaguar o Yaguareté y se encuentra en la tercera posición de los felinos de mayor tamaño del planeta, tras el tigre y el león. It begins eating at the neck and chest, rather than the midsection. It is the national animal of Guyana, and is featured in its Coat of arms of Guyana. El jaguar es el gato más grande de América. The territory of a male can contain those of several females. Given its historical distribution, the jaguar has featured prominently in the mythology of numerous indigenous peoples of the Americas, including those of the Maya and Aztec civilizations. , While the jaguar closely resembles the leopard, it is generally more robust, with stockier limbs and a squarer head.  Mating fights between males occur, but are rare, and aggression avoidance behavior has been observed in the wild.  In 1939, Reginald Innes Pocock recognized eight subspecies based on geographic origins and skull morphology of these specimens.  Jaguars did not evolve eating large primates, and do not normally see humans as food. they give birth to 2 to 4 pups per litter. , A conch shell gorget depicting a jaguar was found in a burial mound in Benton County, Missouri. El jaguar es el tercer felino más grande en el mundo, detrás de los leones y tigres. The jaguar's present range extends from the extreme southwestern United States and Mexico in North America, across much of Central America, and south to Paraguay and northern Argentina in South America.  , However, accurately determining what effect species like the jaguar have on ecosystems is difficult, because data must be compared from regions where the species is absent as well as its current habitats, while controlling for the effects of human activity. It favours riverine habitat and swamps with dense vegetation cover. , Jaguar females reach sexual maturity at about two years of age, and males at three or four. ", "Jaguar Attack on a Child: Case Report and Literature Review", "Jaguar: The Western Hemisphere's Top Cat", "A Global Perspective on Large Carnivore Conservation", "Jaguar - Description, Habitat, Image, Diet, and Interesting Facts", "Cockscomb revisited: jaguar diet in the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, Belize", "Estimating the density of a Jaguar population in the Brazilian Pantanal using camera-traps and capture-recapture sampling in combination with GPS radio-telemetry", "Are Private Reserves Effective for Jaguar Conservation? , A short and stocky limb structure makes the jaguar adept at climbing, crawling, and swimming. , The adult jaguar is an apex predator, meaning it is at the top of the food chain and is not preyed upon in the wild. The spots and their shapes vary between individual jaguars: rosettes may include one or several dots. Audits done in Africa have shown that ecotourism has helped in African cat conservation. More encouragingly, the probability of long-term survival was considered high in 70% of its remaining range, particularly in the Amazon basin and the adjoining Gran Chaco and Pantanal. , Ecotourism setups are being used to generate public interest in charismatic animals such as the jaguar, while at the same time generating revenue that can be used in conservation efforts.  It was ranked as the top felid in a comparative study of bite force adjusted for body size, alongside the clouded leopard and ahead of the tiger and lion. 1.1 ¿Cómo es el jaguar? A skeleton and pug marks of a jaguar were found in the Craighead Caverns. The Aztec civilization shared this image of the jaguar as the representative of the ruler and as a warrior. It kills capybara by piercing its canine teeth through the temporal bones of the capybara's skull, breaking its zygomatic arch and mandible and penetrating its brain, often through the ears. , The crest of the Argentine Rugby Union features a jaguar; however, the Argentina national rugby union team is nicknamed Los Pumas. Por tener una estructura corta y robusta permite que sea muy hábil al momento de escalar, arrastrase y nadar, siendo una herramienta muy eficaz al momento de cazar a sus presas. If you know someone who is destroying the habitat, hurting or hunting the , In setting up protected reserves, efforts generally also have to be focused on the surrounding areas, as jaguars are unlikely to confine themselves to the bounds of a reservation, especially if the population is increasing in size. A year earlier, 125–180 jaguars were estimated to be living in Mexico's 4,000-km2 (2400-mi2) Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, with another 350 in the state of Chiapas.  Jaguars living in forests are often darker and considerably smaller than those living in open areas, possibly due to the smaller numbers of large, herbivorous prey in forest areas.  Phylogenetic studies generally have shown the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is basal to this group. The jaguar and the cougar, which is the next-largest cat in South America, but is usually larger than the jaguar in Central or North America, are often sympatric (related species sharing overlapping territory) and have often been studied in conjunction.  Indigenous peoples in Guyana call it 'jaguareté'. Contenidos. Later consideration of his work suggested only three subspecies should be recognized. The black morph is less common than the spotted one. The countries included in this range are Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica (particularly on the Osa Peninsula), Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, the United States and Venezuela. , The jaguar is a compact and well-muscled animal. Un adulto llega a pesar entre 60 y 130 kilos, y pueden llegar a vivir alrededor de 20 años.  separate and live solitary all their lives, only other Jaguars frequent in ", "Planning to save a species: the jaguar as a model", "Jaguar spotting: A new wild cat may be roaming the United States", "Conservation units, priority areas and dispersal corridors for jaguars in Brazil", "Occupancy estimation of jaguar Panthera onca to assess the value of east-central Mexico as a jaguar corridor", "Structure and Character: Keystone Species", "Are large predators keystone species in Neotropical forests? Fossils of the extinct Panthera gombaszoegensis and the American lion (P. atrox) show characteristics of both the jaguar and the lion (P.
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