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For other uses, see, American boxer, philanthropist and activist. His retirement was short-lived, however; Ali announced his comeback to face Larry Holmes for the WBC belt in an attempt to win the heavyweight championship an unprecedented fourth time. [117][118], On November 19, 1986, Ali married Yolanda ("Lonnie") Williams. [233], On January 19, 1981, in Los Angeles, Ali talked a suicidal man down from jumping off a ninth-floor ledge, an event that made national news. [85] The fight was watched by a record estimated television audience of 1 billion viewers worldwide. [305] The 2001 biopic Ali garnered a Best Actor Oscar nomination for Will Smith for his portrayal of Ali. However, after he won the championship from Liston in 1964, the Nation of Islam was more receptive and agreed to publicize his membership. [283], Ali Mall, located in Araneta Center, Quezon City, Philippines, is named after him. On October 30, 1974, Ali challenged George Foreman, who had dethroned Frazier in 1973 to become heavyweight champion of the world. Though his condition was initially described as fair, it worsened, and he died the following day at the age of 74 from septic shock.[261][262][263][264]. [66], It has since been speculated that Liston purposely dropped to the ground. [268] The services began in Louisville on June 9, 2016, with an Islamic Janazah prayer service at Freedom Hall on the grounds of the Kentucky Exposition Center. [239] According to Politico, Ali supported Orrin Hatch politically. [200] In 1977 the book was adapted into a film called The Greatest, in which Ali played himself and Ernest Borgnine played Angelo Dundee. Following the win, a triumphant Clay rushed to the edge of the ring and, pointing to the ringside press, shouted: "Eat your words!" The number two and three heavyweight contenders respectively, Clay and Jones fought on Jones' home turf at New York's Madison Square Garden. One of his daughters, however, Laila Ali, pursued a career as a professional boxer during which she went undefeated in 24 bouts between 1999 and 2007 while capturing a number of titles in various weight classes. Not Specified. [92] Most boxing commentators at the time viewed the fight negatively and hoped it would be forgotten as some considered it a "15-round farce. In 1994, Ali campaigned to the United States government to come to the aid of refugees afflicted by the Rwandan genocide, and to donate to organizations helping Rwandan refugees. After winning his first 19 fights, including 15 knockouts, Clay received his first title shot on … In 1996 Ali was chosen to light the Olympic flame at the start of the Games of the XXVI Olympiad in Atlanta, Georgia. Sonny Liston on the canvas while Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) raises his arms in triumph after his first-round defeat of Liston in 1965. In 1990, Ali traveled to Iraq prior to the Gulf War, and met with Saddam Hussein in an attempt to negotiate the release of American hostages. In 1984, he made public his diagnosis of Parkinson's syndrome, which some reports attribute to boxing-related injuries,[25] though he and his specialist physicians disputed this. 1920–1936: 160–175 lb (72.6–79.4 kg), 1948: 73–80 kg 1952–2012: 75–81 kg, Fights against Quarry, Patterson, Foster and Norton, World heavyweight champion (second reign), NSA and FBI monitoring of Ali's communications, Philanthropy, humanitarianism and politics. 70,000 people attended the bout and paid a total of $6 million admission, making it the largest live gate in boxing history at that time. "Muhammad Ali’s Strange, Failed Diplomatic Career", by Michael Ezra, "Muhammad Ali: Africa remembers the boxing legend", "The Time Muhammad Ali Stopped a Man From Leaping to His Death", "Ali Talks Would-Be Jumper Off Ninth-Floor Fire Escape", "CAMPAIGN NOTES; Muhammad Ali Switches His Support to Reagan", "Muhammad Ali 2012 Liberty Medal Ceremony", "How Muhammad Ali became a sporting hero to the Arab world",, "How Muhammad Ali secured the release of 15 US hostages in Iraq", "I was with Muhammad Ali on his hostage-release trip to Iraq — and the media has it all wrong", "UN Messenger of Peace Muhammad Ali arrives in Afghanistan", "Fightin' talk as Ennis awaits Muhammed Ali (, "Muhammad Ali returns to the Olympic stage, once again, in London", "Muhammad Ali's Finances A Puzzle To News Media; 'I'm Broke,' He Quips", "His Lifestyle, His Ex-Wives, His Expensive Entourage: They Explain Why Ali Took An $8 Million Beating", "Ali, the Greatest, sells his name and image for $50m", "Muhammad Ali's Name Likely to Rake in the Cash for Years to Come", "60 Million Watch America: A Tribute to Heroes", "Muhammad Ali dead: Michael J Fox pays tribute to fellow Parkinson's disease sufferer and their 'common fight, "Brother: Muhammad Ali 'could be dead in days, "Muhammad Ali's daughter: Father watching Super Bowl, not near death", "Muhammad Ali hospitalized with pneumonia", "Boxing legend Muhammad Ali in hospital after being found 'unresponsive' at his home", "Ali out of hospital in time for 73rd birthday", "Muhammad Ali hospitalized with respiratory issue", "Muhammad Ali Dies: 'The Greatest' Boxer Dead at 74", "Muhammad Ali Dies at 74: Titan of Boxing and the 20th Century", "Muhammad Ali Died of Septic Shock, Will Be Honored at Public Funeral: Spokesman", "UFC 199 Invades LA Forum, Honors Boxing Legend Muhammad Ali", "Will Smith, Lennox Lewis among pallbearers for Muhammad Ali, who scripted his own funeral in final days", "Muhammad Ali To Be Buried In Louisville Friday", "Muhammad Ali's funeral to be watched worldwide by billions", "Muhammad Ali Islamic Funeral Prayer Service Jenazah scheduled at Freedom Hall", "Will Smith, Mike Tyson among those serving as pallbearers at Muhammad Ali's funeral | For The Win", "Retton, Hammill most popular American athletes in United States: poll", "Sports Illustrated honors world's greatest athletes", "Ali: The Greatest of 20th century; Show stops when the champ arrives for awards dinner", "President Clinton Awards the Presidential Citizens Medals", "Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients", "Bush presents Ali with Presidential Medal of Freedom", "Briefs: Ali to receive Otto Hahn Medal today in Berlin", "Boxing legend Ali gets Princeton degree", "Ali Mall: First Ever Shopping Mall Makes A Comeback", "What role did boxer Muhammad Ali play in early MMA? "[23] According to Rolling Stone, his "freestyle skills" and his "rhymes, flow, and braggadocio" would "one day become typical of old school MCs" like Run–D.M.C. Watching on closed-circuit TV, heavyweight champ Sonny Liston quipped that if he fought Clay he might get locked up for murder. Ali prevailed in his first two comeback fights, against Jerry Quarry and Oscar Bonavena. [50][51], These early fights were not without trials. The fact that he was proud to be a black man and that he had so much talent  ... made some people think that he was dangerous. The company's stockholders were mainly fellow Nation of Islam members, along with several others, including Bob Arum. He was dyslexic, which led to difficulties in reading and writing, at school and for much of his life. But in 1968, he triumphed", "Muhammad Ali: The man who changed his sport and his country", "Muhammad Ali's Main Bout: African American Economic Power and the World Heavyweight Title", "One of His Biggest Fights Was Outside of the Ring", "Declassified NSA files show agency spied on Muhammad Ali and MLK", "In 1971, Muhammad Ali Helped Undermine the FBI's Illegal Spying on Americans", "Muhammad Ali's influence ran deep through rap's golden age", "Muhammad Ali: Famed Pugilist Was Also Hip-Hop Pioneer", "The 10 Best Muhammad Ali References In Hip Hop", "Muhammad Ali: The original rapper – Legendary emcee Chuck D of Public Enemy talks Ali's impact on hip-hop", "Jay Z, Eminem and more hip-hop luminaries remember Muhammad Ali", "Diff'rent Strokes - The Complete Second Season DVD Review", "Ali Leaves Hospital Vowing to take better care of himself and get more sleep", "Muhammad Ali Handed Humanitarian Honour", "A Tribute To Muhammad Ali: The Athlete, Philanthropist And Legend", "In pictures: Muhammad Ali's love affair with Africa", "Andrew Cuomo Would Have Blacklisted Muhammad Ali", "Muhammad Ali's forgotten land in Bangladesh". On August 11, 1970, with his case still in appeal, Ali was granted a license to box by the City of Atlanta Athletic Commission. "[72] The fight was close until the seventh round, when Ali bloodied Terrell and almost knocked him out. In 1976, inventor Alan Amron and businessman Joel Sacher partnered with Ali to promote The International Committee to Reunite the Beatles. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [214], Ali appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated on 38 different occasions,[295] second only to Michael Jordan's 46. Frazier's eyes were both swollen shut. In a preview of their two other fights, a crouching, bobbing and weaving Frazier constantly pressured Ali, getting hit regularly by Ali jabs and combinations, but relentlessly attacking and scoring repeatedly, especially to Ali's body. No Preference. "[58] Clay turned the pre-fight weigh-in into a circus, shouting at Liston that "someone is going to die at ringside tonight." In March 1966, Ali refused to be inducted into the armed forces. [135] Both homes were subsequently sold after Ali's death with Lonnie living in their remaining home in Paradise Valley, Arizona. [284], The 1976 Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki fight played an important role in the history of mixed martial arts. "[201], In 1963, Ali released an album of spoken word music on Columbia Records titled, I Am the Greatest, and in 1964, he recorded a cover version of the rhythm and blues song "Stand by Me". Best Offer. [101], The fight took place on October 2, 1980, in Las Vegas Valley, with Holmes easily dominating Ali, who was weakened from thyroid medication he had taken to lose weight. [6][11] As a Muslim, Ali was initially affiliated with Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam (NOI). Smith said the first thing Ali told him was: "Man, you're almost pretty enough to play me. Following Ali's death, he was the number-one trending topic on Twitter for over 12 hours and on Facebook for several days. That really affected him. [220][221], Ali was known for being a humanitarian[222] and philanthropist. Ali's actions as a conscientious objector to the Vietnam War made him an icon for the larger counterculture generation,[9][10] and he was a high-profile figure of racial pride for African Americans during the civil rights movement. [189][190]The New York Times columnist William Rhoden wrote, "Ali's actions changed my standard of what constituted an athlete's greatness. In addition to displaying his boxing memorabilia, the center focuses on core themes of peace, social responsibility, respect, and personal growth.

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